Home Health Gross sales of sugary drinks fell in cities with soda taxes, research finds : Pictures

Gross sales of sugary drinks fell in cities with soda taxes, research finds : Pictures

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Gross sales of sugary drinks fell in cities with soda taxes, research finds : Pictures

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5 U.S. cities which imposed taxes on sugary drinks noticed costs rise and gross sales fall by 33%, based on a brand new research.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Photos


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Justin Sullivan/Getty Photos


5 U.S. cities which imposed taxes on sugary drinks noticed costs rise and gross sales fall by 33%, based on a brand new research.

Justin Sullivan/Getty Photos

Gross sales of sugary drinks fell dramatically throughout 5 U.S. cities, after they applied taxes concentrating on these drinks – and people modifications had been sustained over time. That is based on a research printed Friday within the journal JAMA Well being Discussion board.

Researchers say the findings present extra proof that these controversial taxes actually do work. A declare the beverage trade disputes.

The cities studied had been: Philadelphia, Seattle, San Francisco and Oakland, Calif., and Boulder, Colo. Taxes ranged from 1 to 2 cents per ounce. For a 2-liter bottle of soda, that comes out to between 67 cents to $1.30 additional in taxes.

Whereas prior research have appeared on the affect of soda taxes, they normally studied one metropolis at a time. This new research appeared on the composite impact of the taxes in a number of cities to get an concept of what may occur if these taxes had been extra widespread – or scaled to a state or nationwide degree, says Scott Kaplan, an economics professor on the U.S. Naval Academy and the research’s lead creator.

Kaplan and his colleagues discovered that, on common, costs for sugar-sweetened drinks went up by 33.1% and purchases went down by mainly the identical quantity – 33%.

“In different phrases, for each 1% enhance in worth, we discover that purchases fall by about 1%,” says Kaplan.

So when individuals needed to pay extra for sugary drinks, they diminished their purchases – and the impact was massive and sustained.

However are individuals merely shopping for their sugary drinks elsewhere the place it is cheaper?

Kaplan notes, prior analysis findings on that query have been contradictory. Some research that centered on Philadelphia’s sugary drink tax have discovered that, whereas gross sales of sugary drinks dropped considerably within the metropolis, they really went up in surrounding areas – indicating individuals had been touring to keep away from the taxes. Different research have discovered no such modifications. Within the new research, Kaplan and his colleagues did not discover proof that buyers had been touring to make cross-border purchases.

Jennifer Pomeranz, an affiliate professor on the College of International Public Well being at New York College, says taxes that focus on sugary drinks are good public well being coverage as a result of these drinks haven’t any dietary worth, however they’re linked with diet-related illnesses.

As Kaplan notes, “sugar sweetened drinks make up 1 / 4 of all of the added sugar we see within the common grownup American weight loss program. And that is a extremely huge quantity.”

An excessive amount of added sugar is linked to a number of poor well being outcomes, together with diabetes, weight problems and coronary heart illness. Sugary drink taxes are designed to discourage purchases to curb consumption.

In 2019, each the American Coronary heart Affiliation and the American Academy of Pediatricians formally endorsed soda taxes as a great way to cut back the dangers of childhood weight problems. And simply final month, the World Well being Group referred to as on international locations to extend taxes on sugary drinks as a approach to promote more healthy diets.

Whereas the U.S. noticed a handful of main cities cross these taxes beginning a couple of decade in the past, the soda trade poured thousands and thousands of {dollars} into combating these efforts. In some states, opponents handed legal guidelines that mainly stripped localities of the facility to have the ability to cross soda taxes, and the motion mainly stalled, says Pomeranz. The brand new findings are “nice,” she says of the brand new research. “I’m pondering it may renew curiosity.”

In a press release to NPR, the American Beverage Affiliation mentioned that the trade’s technique of providing customers extra selections with much less sugar is working, noting that almost 60 % of drinks offered at this time have zero sugar.

“The energy that folks get from drinks has decreased to its lowest degree in a long time,” the ABA mentioned. The trade group mentioned that sugary drink taxes are unproductive and harm customers.

This story was edited by Jane Greenhalgh

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