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Top 10 Natural Resources in the United States

Top 10 Natural Resources in the United States

Natural resources are materials found in nature that people utilize to meet their needs. In the US, six natural resources exist that make a major contribution: its vast land mass, expansive coastlines, fertile lands, fresh water sources, oil reserves and coal.

North Dakota ranks first for oil production, Wyoming tops coal output and Nebraska leads in natural gas output; other key minerals include bauxite, gold and timber.

1. Oil

Oil is an invaluable natural resource used in numerous ways across our society – it fuels cars and generates electricity, as well as being found underground and extracted using wells. Oil has long been utilized as part of modern life’s infrastructure.

Edwin Drake of northwestern Pennsylvania first extracted oil in August 1859, heralding an industrial age closely tied to its use. Today, oil extraction companies such as Chevron and ExxonMobil specialize in this activity.

Phosphorus is an essential mineral needed for plant and crop growth. It can only be extracted from three locations worldwide through mining of phosphate rock deposits; and also helps produce aluminum.

2. Natural Gas

Natural gas is an environmentally-friendly energy source that produces around 25% of America’s electricity. It has a lower carbon footprint than gasoline and less environmental impact than coal; and can be used for heating homes or cooking.

Top 10 Natural Resources in the United States
Top 10 Natural Resources in the United States

Power plants utilize nuclear energy for electricity generation and as a backup for renewable sources of power, while it’s a critical element in producing steel, paper and petrochemical products used in plastics, fertilizers and cosmetics production.

United States leads global natural gas production, yet may soon face competition as other nations develop shale resources. Shale is extracted by drilling and hydraulic fracturing technology from underground rock formations, like oil it contains other hydrocarbons in gaseous form such as propane and butane which, once processed into liquid form are sold as home heating fuel or vehicle fuel.

3. Coal

The United States holds natural resources worth an estimated total of $45 trillion, of which 90% consist of coal and timber reserves. Other important commodities are oil, natural gas and gold.

Coal is a combustible sedimentary organic rock composed of carbon found in nearly every country worldwide. Coal formation involves decomposing plant remains which have been compacted, heated and chemically altered over geologic time, becoming compacted then heated before eventually decomposing into coal deposits.

North Dakotan coal miners specialize in mining lignite, which is softer than anthracite, bituminous and subbituminous varieties found elsewhere. Coal is used for producing electricity as well as an essential ingredient in steel-making; additionally it can be used for heating and cooking; additionally coal mining provides employment.

4. Copper

The United States boasts an incredible natural resource base worth nearly $45 trillion. This includes significant coal reserves and timber deposits as well as fertile land, vast oil and copper reserves, massive rivers with plenty of fresh water supplies and the world’s largest gold reserves.

Copper is a metal that works well when combined with other metals to form alloys such as brass and bronze, used widely in pipes, cookware and electrical wires as well as important ingredients used in antifungicides and algicides to kill bacteria in water reservoirs.

Geologists have discovered large deposits of copper known as porphyry copper deposits. Copper can be extracted through smelting and leaching copper sulfides before being refined by electrolysis to produce pure copper cathodes for recycling multiple times without losing its properties.

5. Diamonds

Diamonds are rare, naturally-occurring minerals composed solely of carbon. Diamonds are the hardest known substance and have many applications; such as being used as gemstones or cutting tools – not forgetting thermal and chemical resistance properties!

Diamond mining brings many economic benefits to host countries, including royalties, land use fees, provincial and territorial taxes, employee wages and business tax revenues. Sometimes this money is used for infrastructure improvement or essential social services provision.

Canada ranks fourth with reserves worth $33.2 trillion and oil sands have made Canada one of the world’s top oil exporters; furthermore, large deposits of phosphate, coal deposits and large oil fields exist here as well. Russia follows in terms of natural resources with $23 trillion worth, consisting of copper, silver, gold, uranium and timber deposits.

6. Gold

Gold is one of the rarest and most valuable metals. Additionally, its softness allows it to be formed into thin sheets (gold leaf) that cover irregular surfaces like picture frames or molding.

Hydrothermal veins often contain hydrothermal veinlets rich in pyrite-rich quartz or as masses and flakes in rock deposits containing this mineral, and its appearance varies between hydrothermal veins and mass deposits of rock deposits. Pyrite is an excellent electrical conductor and does not corrode, making it one of the world’s premier conductors.

Gold has long been used in jewelry creation and electronics; today it also plays a vital role in aerospace technology as an efficient conductor of electricity that serves to plate contacts and terminals, plate contacts and terminals, shield astronauts from heat radiation and reflect off space-suit visors to shield astronauts. Gold can even serve as an antidote in case organic lubricants break down while its durability makes it an invaluable component.

7. Silver

Silver is a precious metal found naturally as pure metallic silver or in various compounds such as silver nitrate and silver chloride, as well as appearing as ore mineral argentite mined for its pure silver content. Silver finds multiple uses but perhaps its most prevalent application lies within photographic film and electronic equipment that requires it because electricity flows more easily through silver than through copper or aluminum.

The United States is an exceptional producer of natural resources, boasting vast reserves of coal, timber and oil. Its mining industry holds historical importance; while forestry and farming provide numerous economic benefits. Renewable and non-renewable resources estimated at nearly $45 trillion include bauxite, gold, oil copper and natural gas resources – providing for abundant renewable resource supplies worth approximately 45 trillion USD in total.

8. Minerals

Minerals are naturally-occurring inorganic solids with a defined chemical composition and ordered atomic structure that form the primary components of rocks. Most minerals possess unique hardness or color characteristics to identify them easily; gold, iron ores, and petroleum are among some of the more renowned examples.

The United States boasts of 45 trillion dollars worth of natural resources, such as coal, oil, timber and copper reserves. There are also large reserves of bauxite, uranium and natural gas reserves. Minerals play a key role in our economy by providing energy, metals and materials used in manufacturing and agriculture; as well as prosperity to countries that possess abundant mineral deposits. Besides providing an economic benefit they also play an essential part in daily life as they can be used to make things like glass and ceramics while producing medicines and fuels; finally they even add beauty with gemstones!

9. Timber

Timber is an abundant natural resource, made up of any wood that can be cut into lumber or planks for building purposes. Historically, international markets for timber relied largely on carefully managed forests located primarily in Scandinavia and Canada for supply.

Timber is an eco-friendly construction material with renewable resource potential that can be reused over and over again, offering numerous advantages as a durable alternative to concrete and having a lower carbon footprint than materials such as steel and plastic.

Wood is one of the world’s most undervalued resources, yet still an invaluable one. Not only can it be used to craft various products but it is also an energy source and carbon sink, helping reduce greenhouse gases as it grows.

10. Water

Water is one of the world’s most essential natural resources. All living things depend on it for survival; soil needs it for food production while ocean life relies on fresh oxygen for survival. Unfortunately, due to pollution and urban growth, drinking water sources are being depleted faster than they can be replenished.

Non-renewable natural resources include those that don’t occur naturally or form very slowly in the environment, like metallic minerals and fossil fuels, while renewable natural resources include those like timber and solar energy that can be replenished again when depleted – such as timber. They play a pivotal role in everything from water supply to manufacturing processes and scientific research, with those possessing more natural reserves enjoying more robust economies worldwide.

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